Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

  ISSN: 1818-331X (Print), 2074-0565 (Online)
  Publisher: Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  Languages: Ukrainian, English, Russian
  Periodicity: 4 times per year

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Nucl. Phys. At. Energy 2017, volume 18, issue 4, pages 313-318.
Section: Nuclear Physics.
Received: 19.10.2017; Accepted: 28.12.2017; Published online: 20.02.2018.
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Determination of the 108-112Pd isotopes identity using interacting boson model

Mariam O. Waheed, Fadhil I. Sharrad*

Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Kerbala, Karbala, Iraq

*Corresponding author. E-mail address:

Abstract: Energy levels, B(E2) transition probabilities and potential energy surface for palladium isotopes with proton number Z = 46 and neutron numbers (n) between 62 and 66 have been calculated through the interacting boson model. The set of parameters used in these calculations are the best approximation that has been carried out so far. The ratio of the excitation energies of the first 4+1 and the first 2+1 excited states, R = E4+1/E2+1, is also calculated and an achievable degree of agreement has been investigated in O(6) symmetry for 108-112Pd nuclei. The comparison between the calculated energy levels and the transition probabilities B(E2) with those of the experimental show that it is a good agreement. The contour plot of the potential energy surfaces shows all nuclei of interests are deformed and have γ-unstable-like characters.

Keywords: interacting boson model, Pd isotopes, energy levels, ground band, B(E2).


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