Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

ядерна ф≥зика та енергетика
Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

  ISSN: 1818-331X (Print), 2074-0565 (Online)
  Publisher: Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  Languages: Ukrainian, English, Russian
  Periodicity: 4 times per year

  Open access peer reviewed journal

 Home page   About 
Nucl. Phys. At. Energy 2018, volume 19, issue 1, pages 56-62.
Section: Radiobiology and Radioecology.
Received: 30.01.2018; Accepted: 22.03.2018; Published online: 12.05.2018.
PDF Full text (ru)

Dying out of the helophytes as the factor of migration of 137Cs in water bodies

O. M. Volkova, V. V. Belyaev*, S. P. Pryshlyak, O. O. Parkhomenko

Institute of Hydrobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

*Corresponding author. E-mail address:

Abstract: Quantitative parameters of migration of 137Cs to the bottom sediments of eutrophic (Kyiv reservoir) and oligotrophic (Lake Beloe) water bodies after the dying out of Phragmites australis, Tуpha angustifolia, Glyceria maxima and Scirpus lacustris were determined. The specific activity of 137Cs in the overground organs and plant rhizomes was 8 - 522 Bq/kg, in soil roots Ц 139 - 3410 Bq/kg. After the dying out of the plants, 1.6 - 8.7 % of the total 137Cs accumulated in the phytomass enters the water masses, 4.9 - 19.7 % enters the detritus, and 63.5 - 83.9 % enters the bottom sediments. In shallow water areas of the studied water bodies as a result of the dying out of helophytes, from 0.3 to 1.1 % of 137Cs of its total number in the upper 30 cm layer of bottom sediments are annually transferred to bottom sediments.

Keywords: water bodies, helophytes, 137Cs migration, bottom sediments.


1. E.N. Volkova et al. Peculiarities of forming radioactive contamination of higher aquatic plants from Kyiv reservoir. Yaderna Fizyka ta Energetyka (Nucl. Phys. At. Energy) 13(2) (2012) 160. (Rus)

2. O.M. Volkova, V.V. Belyayev, O.O. Parkhomenko, S.P. Pryshlyak. Radionuclide distribution parameters in water bodies of different trophic status. Pryroda Zakhidnogo Polissya ta Pryleglykh Terytorii 11 (2014) 127. (Ukr)

3. O.M. Volkova. Technogenic radionuclides in hydro-bionts of water bodies of various types. Dr.Sci. thesis abstract (Kyiv: Stal, 2008) 34 p. (Ukr)

4. Kh.D. Ganzha. Physico-chemical forms of strontium-90 and cesium-137 in aquatic plants of the lake ecosystem in the Chornobyl exclusion zone. Naukovi Zapysky Ternop. Nats. Ped. Universytetu im. Volodymyra Gnatyuka. Ser. Biologiya. Special issue: Gidroekologiya 2(43) (2010) 78. (Ukr)

5. M.V. Grynzhevs'kyi. Aquaculture of Ukraine (Organizational and Economic Aspects) (Lviv: Vilna Ukrayina, 1998) 365 p. (Ukr)

6. L.F. Lukina, N.N. Smirnova. Physiology of Higher Aquatic Plants (Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1988) 188 p. (Rus)

7. V. D. Romanenko (ed.). Methods of Hydroecological Surveys of Surface Waters (Kyiv: LOGOS, 2006) 408 p. (Ukr)

8. B.S. Prister, N.A. Loshchilov, O.F. Nemets, V.A. Poyarkov. Fundamentals of Agricultural Radiology. 2-nd ed. (Kyiv: Urozhaj, 1991) 472 p. (Rus)

9. L.A. Sirenko et al. Vegetation and Bacterial Population of the Dnieper and its Reservoirs (Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 1989) 232 p. (Rus)

10. A.P. Sadchikov, M.A. Kudryashov. Ecology of Coastal Aquatic Vegetation (Moskva: Izdatelstvo NIA-Priroda, REFIA, 2004) 220 p. (Rus)

11. Yu.A. Tomilin. Radionuclides in the components of the water ecosystems of the southern region of Ukraine: migration, distribution, accumulation and counter-measures. Dr.Sci. thesis abstract (Mykolayiv: MDGU imeni Petra Mogyly, 2007) 40 p. (Ukr)

12. Ch. Ganzha et al. Physicochemical forms of 90Sr and 137Cs in components of Glyboke Lake ecosystem in the Chornobyl exclusion zone. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 127 (2014) 176.