Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

  ISSN: 1818-331X (Print), 2074-0565 (Online)
  Publisher: Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  Languages: Ukrainian, English, Russian
  Periodicity: 4 times per year

  Open access peer reviewed journal

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Nucl. Phys. At. Energy 2019, volume 20, issue 1, pages 34-43.
Section: Radiobiology and Radioecology.
Received: 18.10.2018; Accepted: 26.12.2018; Published online: 26.06.2019.
PDF Full text (en)

Safety ranking of Chernobyl radioactive legacy sites situated in populated areas for prioritization of remedial measures

D. Bugai1,*, J. Gebauer2, C. Scior3, A. Sizov4, S. Burness5, Y. Retz6, N. Molitor5

1 Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
2 TÜV Nord EnSys Hannover GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
3 DMT GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
4 Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
5 PLEJADES GmbH Independent Experts, Germany
6 SE NTC KORO, Zhovty Vody, Ukraine

*Corresponding author. E-mail address:

Abstract: Methodology and results are presented for the safety ranking of legacy radioactive material storage sites that are situated in populated areas adjacent to the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone and contain wastes from clean-up and decontamination operations carried out in 1986 - 1989. Based on this safety ranking, recommendations regarding the order of remediation and management strategy for these sites are provided. The results suggest that remedial works for radioactive legacy sites can be optimized, and waste volumes that may require retrieval and further disposal in engineered facilities can be considerably minimized. It is recommended that the managing organization (Kyiv Inter-Regional Special Combine of UkrSC Radon) should focus their characterization, monitoring and maintenance works on the relatively few higher risk legacy sites identified in this study, while low-risk sites can be eventually released from regulatory control.

Keywords: Chernobyl accident, remediation of contaminated land, radiological safety assessment.


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