Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

  ISSN: 1818-331X (Print), 2074-0565 (Online)
  Publisher: Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  Languages: Ukrainian, English, Russian
  Periodicity: 4 times per year

  Open access peer reviewed journal

 Home page   About 
Nucl. Phys. At. Energy 2016, volume 17, issue 3, pages 287-295.
Section: Radiobiology and Radioecology.
Received: 21.03.2016; Accepted: 19.10.2016; Published online: 13.12.2016.
PDF Full text (ua)

Assessment of radiological effectiveness of countermeasures on peat-bog soils of northwest Polissya of Ukraine

I. M. Maloshtan*, S. V. Polishchuk, V. A. Kashparov

Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Radiology of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

*Corresponding author. E-mail address:

Abstract: During the period of 3 years (2013 - 2015) in terms of finely-making spot field experiments coefficients of accumulation of 137Cs (control 6,1 ± 0,8) after a single application of agrochemical countermeasures on peat-bog soils in Rokytne district, Rivne region, characterized by abnormally high bioavailability of cesium radioisotopes were obtained. In the late phase of the elimination of the Chernobyl accident, radiological averaged efficiency sandsing (175 - 200 t/ha), introduction of ferrocyn (0,2 t/ha) did not differ significantly from unity and amounted to 0,8 - 1,6 times. Liming (chalk 4 t/ha) and the introduction of peat ash (5 t/ha) reduced the 137Cs content in vegetation in 1,7 - 1,9 times. Highest radiological efficiency was achieved after applying mixture of chalk-ferrocin (4 + 0,2 t/ha) - 4,4 ± 2,0 times and ferrocin-bentonite sorbent (30 t/ha) - 7,0 ± 2,0 times.

Keywords: 137Cs, countermeasures, radiological effectiveness, peat-bog soils, Chernobyl accident.


1. Public Hygiene Standards Permissible levels of 137Cs and 90Sr in food products and drinking water, (Ukr)

2. I.A. Lihtarov, L.M. Kovgan, V. Vasilenko et al. General dosimetry certification and results of LVL monitoring in the settlements contaminated after the Chernobyl disaster. Data for 2012 (Collection 15) (Kyiv, 2013) 33 p. (Ukr)

3. V.O. Kashparov, S.V. Polishchuk, L.M. Otreshko. Chornobyl's'kyi Naukovyi Visnyk. Byuleten' Ekologichnogo Stanu Zony Vidchuzhennya ta Zony Bezumovnogo (Obovyazkovogo) Vidselennya 2(38) (2011) 13. (Ukr) Article

4. I.M. Khomenko, S.V. Polishchuk. Evaluation of the influence of locally produced foodstuffs consumption on the formation of internal irradiation dose in the remote period after the Chornobyl catastrophe. Dovkillya ta Zdorovya 2 (2014) 57. (Ukr) Article


6. I.M. Maloshtan, S.V. Polishchuk, Yu.V. Khomutinin, V.O. Kashparov. Dynamics of 137Cs accumulation by herbaceous plants on peat-bog soils with abnormally high bioavailability. Yaderna Fizyka ta Energetyka (Nucl. Phys. At. Energy) 16(3) (2015) 263. (Ukr)

7. S.V. Fesenko, R.M. Alexakhin, M.I. Balonov et al. An extended critical review of twenty years of countermeasures used in agriculture after the Chernobyl accident. Science of the Total Environment 383(1) (2007) 1.

8. S.V. Fesenko, R.M. Alexakhin, M.I. Balonov et al. Twenty years application of agricultural countermeasures following the Chernobyl accident: lessons learned. J. of Radiological Protections 26 (2006) 351.

9. Agricultural practices in conditions of radioactive contamination in Ukraine because of the Chernobyl accident for the period 1999 - 2002: Guidelines of UIAR (Kyiv, 1998) 104 p. (Ukr)

10. I.M. Maloshtan, S.V. Polishchuk. Radiological efficacy of nontraditional countermeasures on peat-bog soils. Yaderna Fizyka ta Energetyka (Nucl. Phys. At. Energy) 16(4) (2015) 381. (Ukr)

11. O.V. Kosarchuk, M.M. Lazaryev, S.V. Polishchuk. Peat soils sandsing influence to 137Cs reduce in plants. Yaderna Fizyka ta Energetyka (Nucl. Phys. At. Energy) 16(2) (2015) 193. (Ukr)

12. B.A. Dospekhov. Methods of Field Experience (With the Fundamentals of Statistical Processing of the Research Results). 5th ed., ext. and rev. (Moskva: Agropromizdat, 1985) 351 p. (Rus) Book

13. Handbook of Mineral Fertilizers. Theory and Application Practice (Moskva: Sel'khozgiz, 1960) 550 p. (Rus) Google Books

14. V.A. Budarkov, V.M. Gelis, N.F. Kalinin et al. Patent number 2013913. A method for transfer reducing of cesium radionuclides from soil to plant 1994. (Rus)

15. Handbook of Parameter Values for the Prediction of Radionuclide Transfer in Terrestrial and Fresh-Water Environments (Vienna: IAEA-TRS-472, 2010) 194 p. IAEA

16. The Use of Prussian Blue to Reduce Radiocaesium Contamination of Milk and Meat Produced on Territories Affected by the Chernobyl Accident: Report of United Nations Project E 11. IAEA-TECDOC-926 (Vienna, 1997) 76 p. IAEA

17. P. Jacob, S. Fesenko, I. Bogdevitch et al. Rural areas affected by the Chernobyl accident: Radiation exposure and remediation strategies. Science of the Total Environment 408(1) (2009) 14.