Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

ядерна ф≥зика та енергетика
Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy

  ISSN: 1818-331X (Print), 2074-0565 (Online)
  Publisher: Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  Languages: Ukrainian, English, Russian
  Periodicity: 4 times per year

  Open access peer reviewed journal

 Home page   About 
Nucl. Phys. At. Energy 2017, volume 18, issue 1, pages 87-92.
Section: Radiobiology and Radioecology.
Received: 19.12.2016; Accepted: 15.06.2017; Published online: 7.08.2017.
PDF Full Text (ua)

Dependence of the concentrations of 137Cs and potassium in extracted soil solutions on soil humidity before centrifugation

V. V. Prorok1,*, P. J. White2, O. I. Dacenko1, L. A. Bulavin1, S. E. Zelensky1, L. Yu. Melnychenko1, S. G. Rozouvan1, L. V. Poperenko1

1 Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine
2 The James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

*Corresponding author. E-mail address:

Abstract: Concentrations of 137Cs and potassium in solutions extracted by centrifugation from soils selected at some experimental sites in the 10-km Exclusion Zone of Chornobyl Nuclear Plant were determined. The results showed that for the majority of investigated soils, the concentration of 137Cs in soil solution depends on the humidity of the soil before centrifugation. It is possible to explain the dependence of the concentration of 137Cs in the soil solution on soil humidity from the dependence of the concentrations of molecules of different molecular-gravimetric fractions in soil solution on soil humidity. Considerable amount of 137Cs in soil solution is associated with these molecules, that is why the concentration of 137Cs in the extracted soil solution changes with the humidity of soil. These dependences differ between soils. For the majority of investigated soils the concentration of 137Cs in the extracted soil solution increases with increasing humidity of the soil. By contrast, soil humidity had no effect on the potassium concentration in the extracted soil solution for any soil investigated. It is concluded, that potassium is practically not associated with molecules of different molecular-gravimetric fractions in the extracted soil solutions.

Keywords: soil solution, fractions of soil solution, concentration of 137Cs, concentration of potassium, soil humidity.


1. B.A. Yagodin, P.M. Smirnov, A.V. Peterburskij et al. (ed. by B.A. Yagodin), Agrochemistry, 2-nd ed., Moskva: Agropromizdat (1989), 639 p. (Rus)

2. G.I. Agapkina, Radiatsionnaya biologiya. Radioekologiya 42, No. 4 (2002) 404 - 411. (Rus)

3. V.V. Prorok, K.F.V. Mason, S.F. Timofyeyev et al., Visnyk Kyyivs'kogo Universytetu. Seriya "Fizyko-matematychni nauky" 3 (2004) 407 - 416. (Ukr)

4. V.V. Prorok, L.A. Bulavin, L.V. Poperenko, Investigation of channels of 137Cs and K transfer from soil to plant under natural conditions with optical and gamma spectrometry, Ukr. J. Phys. 57, No. 2 (2012) 230 - 234.

5. V.V. Prorok, A.P. Ganushevich, T.I. Makarenko et al., Strontium and calcium relations in plant and soil solution on Chornobyl affected areas, Ukr. J. Phys. 59, No. 3 (2014) 233 - 237.

6. L.N. Aleksandrova, O.A. Naidenova, Laboratory and Practical Classes on Soil Science, 4-th ed., Leningrad: Agropromizdat (1986), 295 p. (Rus)

7. V.V. Prorok, O.I. Dacenko, L.A. Bulavin et al., Mechanistic interpretation of the varying selectivity of Cesium-137 and potassium uptake by radish (Raphanus sativus L.) under field conditions near Chernobyl, J. Environ. Radioact. 152 (2016) 85 - 91.

8. A.F. Nisbet, B. Salbu, S. Shaw, Association of radionuclides with different molecular size fractions in soil solution: implications for plant uptake, J. Environ. Radioact. 18 (1993) 71 - 84.